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International shipping agency of non-vessel operating common carrier/ shipping agency
What are the differences between non-vessel operating common carrier and international freight forwarder?
1. Non-vessel operating common carrier (NVOCC) has a undertaking-shipping relationship with the shipper; and NVOCC issues the bill of lading and the consignee is the holder of the bill of lading. When a shipper books cargo space, NVOCC gives a quotation to the shipper according to his own freight book, and negotiates space with the shipping company as the shipper to arrange the transportation of goods. NVOCC shall issue its own bill of lading to the shipper when receiving as the ocean bill of lading issued by the shipping company after the goods are loaded on board.
Upon arrival of the goods at the port of destination, the consignee shall take delivery of the goods at the NVOCC agent's office with the original bill of lading issued by NVOCC. Prior to that, NVOCC's agency has already received the cargo from the shipping company accepting for carriage. NVOCC involves the transfer of two sets of bills of lading: the NVOCC's own bill of lading (HOUSE B/L) and the shipping company's bill of lading (MASTER B/L).
NVOCC accepts the booking of space by the shipper, goes through the formalities for the consignment of goods, and takes over the cargo, and issues HOUSE B/L at the request of the shipper. The parties to the bill of lading are the shipper and the actual consignee. At the same time, books space from the shipping company in its own name, transport the cargo by the regular ship of the shipping company and gets MASTER B/L issued by the shipping company. The parties to the bill of lading are NVOCCS and its agent at the port of destination. The international freight forwarder and the carrier are the entrusted party and entrust party, respectively and the international freight forwarder has no relationship with the consignee.
2. NVOCC has the legal status of the contractual carrier. According to the definition of carrier in China's Maritime Law, "carrier refers to the person who enters into a contract of carriage of goods by sea with a shipper by himself or by entrusting others in his name". The Maritime Law emphasizes the significance of carrier as a party to the contract.
Under Article 7 of the Ordinance, "NVOCC is a person who accepts the cargo of a shipper as a carrier and issues its own bill of lading or other transport documents". That is to say, NVOCC is a party signing the contract of carriage of goods with the shipper, that is, NVOCC has the legal status of carrier in accordance with the provisions of the Maritime Law requiring it to be a party to the contract.
Article 7 of the Regulations also states that "NVOCC is international carrier who carry out international sea transportation of goods through international ship operators." In other words, NVOCC does not provide and operate ships and the contractual carrier relative to actual carriers. International freight forwarder acts as the agent of client, helps the shippers to arrange the transport of goods and provides agency services to the shipper.Full Container Load company
  • Created: 20-11-20
  • Last Login: 20-11-20

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